Glossary of "W"

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“Work-life is the practice of providing initiatives designed to create a more flexible, supportive work environment, enabling employees to focus on work tasks while at work. It includes making the...

Work & Family Connection. (n.d.). What is work-life? Retrieved October 7, 2005, from

Alliance for Work-Life Progress (AWLP) ( (2004).

Families or households where the adults are not in, or undertake very little, paid work. (Edwards).

As defined by Edwards.

Work-related stress occurs when job demands are “incompatible with mental regulation processes, such as information processing, planning, and movement execution” (p. 132).

Greiner, B.A., Krause, N., Ragland, D.R., & Fisher, J.M. (1998). Objective stress factors, accidents, and absenteeism in transit operators: A theoretical framework and empirical evidence. Occupational Health Psychology, 3, 130-146.

“Workaholism involves a personal reluctance to disengage from work and a tendency to work or think about work anytime, anywhere (McMillan et al, 2003).” (p. 509) “Workaholics typically have...

McMillan, L.H.W. & O’Driscoll, M.P. (2004). Workaholism and health: Implications for organizations. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 17(5): 509-519.

McMillan, L.H.W. & O’Driscoll, M.P. (2004). Workaholism and health: Implications for organizations. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 17(5): 509-519.

Harpaz, I. & Snir, R. (2003). Workaholism: Its definition and nature. Human Relations, 56(3), 291-319.

Buelens, M. (2002, October 22). Addicted to work?. Personnel Today, p.63-66.

A family is considered a working family when, “All family members age 15 and older either have a combined work effort of 39 weeks or more in the prior 12 months OR all family members age 15 and older...

Waldron, T., Roberts, B. & Reamer, A. (October 2004). Working hard, falling short: America’s working families and the pursuit of economic security: A national report by the Working Poor Families Project, sponsored by the Annie E. Casey, Ford, and Rockefeller Foundations. Baltimore, MD: The Annie E. Casey Foundation.

Mills, B., Whitacre, B. & Hilmer, C. (2005). Working more but staying poor. Food Assistance Needs of the South’s Vulnerable Populations, 11, 1-8.

Hargraves, J.L. (2004). Trends and health insurance coverage and access among Black, Latino and White Americans, 2001-2003. Tracking Report No. 11. Washington, DC: Center for Studying Health System Change. Retrieved June 8, 2006, from

Sard, B. & Fischer, W. (2003). New HUD data shows families will likely lose housing vouchers if Congress approves President’s budget request. Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. Retrieved June 8, 2006, from

Lipman, B.J. (2002). America’s working families and the housing landscape, 1997-2001. New Century Housing, 3(2), 1-40. Washington, DC: Center for Housing Policy. Retrieved June 8, 2006, from

Casey, J. & Corday, K. (2006). An agenda for America’s working families: An interview with Tom Kochan. The Network News, 8(3). Retrieved June 8, 2006, from

“Working poor is a term used to describe individuals and families who maintain regular employment but remain in relative poverty due to low levels of pay and dependent expenses. Often, those defined...

Working poor. In Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved on May 16, 2006 from

“Determining a reasonable workload is the subject of on-going discussions and negotiations between workers, employers, unions, and professional associations. Generally speaking, it means having... (2004). Workload. Retrieved December 7, 2005.

Federal Aviation Awareness (FAA). (n.d.). FAA Human Factors Awareness Course. Retrieved December 7, 2005.

“Refers to a childcare centre at or near the work site that receives support from an employer or a group of employers.” (Spinks, 2000)

Spinks, N. (2000). Executive Briefing: Workplace childcare at-a-glance. Toronto: Work-Life Harmony Enterprises.

Workplace flexibility is “the ability of workers to make choices influencing when, where, and for how long they engage in work-related tasks” (p. 152).

Hill, E. J., Grzywacz, J. G., Allen, S., Blanchard, V. L., Matz-Costa, C., Shulkin, S., et al. (2008). Defining and conceptualizing workplace flexibility. Community, Work & Family, 11(2), 149-163.