Glossary of "W"

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The term refers to variety in work-family careers open to those who become parents. (Brannen). "Diversity management programmes, while considering the needs of working parents, tend to overlook the...

As defined by Brannen.

Lewis, S., Kagan, C., & Heaton, P. (2000). Managing work-family diversity for parents of disabled children: Beyond policy to practice and partnership. Personnel Review, 29(3), 417-30.

The wage floor is the monetary amount that wages are not allowed to fall below (Thompson & Chapman, 2006).

Thompson, J. & Chapman, J. (2006). The economic impact of local living wages. Economic Briefing Paper #170. Retrieved May 31, 2006, from http://www.epi.org/content.cfm/bp170.

"The price of labour. In theory, wages ought to change so that the supply and demand in the labour market are always in equilibrium. In practice, wages are often sticky, especially in a downward...

Wages. (n.d.). In Economics A-Z: Economic terms, topics and jargon. Retrieved October 7, 2009, from http://www.economist.com/research/Economics/alphabetic.cfm?letter=W#wages

The process by which certain acts turn into habits in everyday living. (Nilsen).

As defined by Nilsen.

“This category is used for work during Fridays, Saturdays, Sundays (0600 - 1800), when there is no work on other days” (Hurrell, 2003, no page).

Hurrell, K. (2003, March). Statistics on shiftwork: Survey questions, definitions and classifications. Retrieved August 3, 2005, from http://www.iwh.on.ca/media/images/Shiftwork.pdf

"Active labour market policies, in which government handouts to the unemployed come with strings attached, designed to get the recipient off welfare and back to work as quickly as possible" (The...

Welfare to work. (n.d.). In Economics A-Z: Economic terms, topics and jargon. Retrieved October 7, 2009, from http://www.economist.com/research/Economics/alphabetic.cfm?letter=W#welfaretowork

“Wellness is a multidimensional state of being describing the existence of positive health in an individual as exemplified by quality of life and a sense of well-being.” (Corbin & Pangrazi) I...

Corbin, C.B. & Pangrazi, R.P. (2001). Toward a uniform definition of wellness: A commentary. President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports Research Digest, 3(15), 1-8.

Mulvihill, M. (2003). The definition and core practices of wellness. Journal of Employee Assistance, 33(3), 13-15.

“Approaches…taken by companies to address the recruitment, development and advancement of all managerial women, including women of color.”

Catalyst. (2005). What is the Catalyst Award? Retrieved November 17, 2005, from http://www.catalyst.org/award/whatis.shtml.

“Work addicts also report long working hours, few sleeping hours and a small number of hours dedicated to non-work activities. Their hierarchical position within the organisation is relatively low,...

Buelens, M. (2002, October 22). Addicted to work?. Personnel Today, p.63-66.

"Work is any activity which contributes to the production of goods or services within the production boundary." (United Nations)

Work. (n.d.). In UN Data Glossary. Retrieved from http://data.un.org/Glossary.aspx

"Telecommuting by working from home on a regular or as-needed basis" (FlexPaths, n.d.).

FlexPaths. (n.d.) Glossary. Retrieved from http://www.flexpaths.com/resources/glossary

"The process by which individuals reduce their involvement in one role to accommodate the demands of the other role." (Greenhaus & Singh) "This process is characterized by workers limiting...

Greenhaus, J. & Singh, R. (2003, February 25). Work-Family Linkages, A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia Entry. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

Lambert, S. J. (1990). Processes linking work and family: A critical review and research agenda. Human Relations, 43(3), 239-257.

“‘Work- family backlash’ is the popular term describing childless employees’ claim that they are penalized in the workplace in the following ways. They are expected to work additional hours and to...

Young, M. B. (1999). Work-family backlash: Begging the question, what's fair? The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 562, 32-46.

Parker, L., & Allen, T. D. (2001). Work/family benefits: Variables related to employees' fairness perceptions. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 58, 453-468.

"The extent to which individuals are equally involved in-and equally satisfied with-their work role and their family role." (Greenhaus & Singh, Collins & Shaw). "… low levels of...

Greenhaus, J. & Singh, R. (2003, February 25). Work-Family Linkages, A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia Entry. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

Frone, M. R. (2003). Work-family balance. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetric (Eds.). Handbook of occupational health psychology (pp. 143-162). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Greenhaus, J. & Singh, R. (2003, February 25). Work-Family Linkages, A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia Entry. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

"The experience of confusion or difficulty in distinguishing one's work from one's family roles in a given setting which these roles are seen as highly integrated, such as doing paid work at home."...

Desrochers S. & Sargent, L. (2003, September 09). Boundary/Border Theory and Work-Family Integration, A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia Entry. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

Desrochers, S. (2002). Measuring work-family boundary ambiguity: A proposed scale. Bronfenbrenner Life Course Center Working Paper #02-04.

As defined by Desrochers citing Ashforth, Kreiner & Fugate:

Ashforth, B. E., Kreiner, G. E., & Fugate, M. (2000). All in a day's work: Boundaries and micro role transitions. Academy of Management Review, 25(3), 472-491.

Work-family border theory "is devoted only to work and family domains. The outcome of interest in this theory is work-family balance, which refers to 'satisfaction and good functioning at work and at...

Boundary/Border Theory and Work-Family Integration, A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia Entry. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

As defined by Desrochers citing Clark:

Clark, S. C. (2000). Work/family border theory: A new theory of work/family balance. Human Relations, 53(6), 747-770.

See defintion of Work-Family Blurring.
"Efforts by individuals to offset dissatisfaction in one role by seeking satisfaction in another role." (Greenhaus & Singh). "The compensation model postulates a negative relation between...

Greenhouse, J. & Singh, L. (2003, February 25). Work-Family Linkages, A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia Entry. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

Frone, M. R. (2003). Work-family balance. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of occupational health psychology (pp. 143-162). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

"When simultaneous pressures from the work and family domains are mutually incompatible in some respect, such that meeting the demands of one role makes it difficult to meet the demands of the other...

Greenhouse, J. & Singh, L. (2003, February 25). Work-Family Linkages, A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia Entry. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

Hammer, L. & Thompson, C. (2003, May 12). Work-Family Role Conflict, A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia Entry. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

“The extent to which experiences in the work (family) role result in diminished performance in the family (work) role. This definition explicitly recognizes that work-family conflict represents cross...

Greenhaus, J. H., Allen, T. D., & Spector, P. E.(Forthcoming).Health consequences of work-family conflict: The dark side of the work-family interface. In Perrewe, P. L., & Ganster, D. C. (Eds.), Research in occupational stress and well-being, vol. 5. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

“The shared assumptions, beliefs, and values regarding the extent to which an organization supports and values the integration of employees’ work and family lives” (Thompson et al., 1999, p. 394).

Thompson, C. A., Beauvais, L. L.,& Lyness, K. S. (1999). When work-family benefits are not enough: The influence of work-family culture on benefit utilization, organizational attachment, and work-family conflict. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 54, 392-415.

Thompson et al. (1999) defined work-family culture as, “the shared assumptions, beliefs and values regarding to the extent to which an organization supports and values the integration of employees’...

Thompson, C., Beauvais, L., & Lyness, K. (1999). When work-family benefits are not enough: The influences of work-family culture on benefit utilization, organizational attachment, and work-family conflict. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 54, 329-415.

"Enhancement can be conceptualized as the positive effects of one domain on another." (MacIntosh et al).

MacIntosh et al. The work family interface in men and women. Retrieved from: http://www.psy.ulaval.ca/~sqrp/communications/sqrp-2000410.htm

"Process by which one role strengthens or enriches the quality of the other role. A variety of resources from work and family roles have the capacity to provide positive experiences in the other role...

Work-Family Linkages, A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia Entry. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

Frone, M. R. (2003). Work-family balance. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetric (Eds.). Handbook of occupational health psychology (pp. 143-162). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

"The extent to which the worker realized the various components of her or her work/family adaptive strategy." (Barnett, 1998)

Barnett, R.C. (1998). Toward a review and reconceptualization of the work/family literature. Genetic, Social, and General Psychological Monographs, 124 (2), 125-182.

“‘Managing work-family relationships’ dealt, respectively, with work and marital satisfaction, husbands’ and wives’ work time, dual career couples, and work-family supportive practices” (Young, 1999...

Young, M. B. (1999). Work-family backlash: Begging the question, what's fair? The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 562, 32-46.

Parker, L., & Allen, T. D. (2001). Work/family benefits: Variables related to employees' fairness perceptions. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 58, 453-468.

Glass, J., & Fujimoto, T. (1995). Employer characteristics and the provision of family responsive policies. Work and Occupations, 22, 380-411.

"The notion that simultaneously engaging in multiple work and family roles is beneficial for the physical, mental, and relationship health of individuals." (Greenhaus & Singh) "The segmentation...

Greenhouse, J. & Singh, L. (2003, February 25). Work-Family Linkages, A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia Entry. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

Frone, M. R. (2003). Work-family balance. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetric (Eds.), Handbook of Occupational Health Psychology (pp. 143-162). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

When factors at the workplace affect family functioning and vice-versa. (Lerner). Stevens et al. (2007) referred to work-family spillover as, “…the push of family life into work life and vice versa...

As defined by Lerner.

Stevens, D. P., Minnotte, K. L., Mannon, S. E., & Kiger, G. (2007). Examining the “neglected side of the work-family interface.” Journal of Family Issues, 28(2), 242-262.

Work-home interference and work-family conflict have been defined as ‘‘a form of inter-role conflict in which the role pressures from the work and family domains are mutually incompatible so that...

Greenhaus, J. H., & Beutell, N. J. (1985). Sources of conflict between work and family roles. Academy of Management Review, 10, 76-88.

Greenhaus, J.H., Allen, T.D., & Spector, P.E. (2006). Health consequences of work-family conflict: The dark side of the work-family interface. In P.L. Perrewe & D.C. Ganster (Eds.). Research in occupational stress and well-being: Vol. 5. (pp. 61-98). Amsterdam: JAI Press/Elsevier.

"Currently, there is not a strong consensus among scholars as to what constitutes a work-life policy. Arthur and Cook...broadly define work-life initiatives as "any program designed to alleviate...

Cook, A. (2004). Corporate decision-making process: How organizations decide to adopt work/life initiatives: A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia entry. Retrived February 21, 2007, from http://wfnetwork.bc.edu/encyclopedia_entry.php?id=225&area=academics.