Tautological Relationship, Definition(s) of

  • A (36)
  • B (19)
  • C (58)
  • D (26)
  • E (34)
  • F (43)
  • G (20)
  • H (19)
  • I (27)
  • J (11)
  • K (1)
  • L (16)
  • M (27)
  • N (18)
  • O (18)
  • P (33)
  • Q (5)
  • R (30)
  • S (59)
  • T (16)
  • U (4)
  • V (7)
  • W (39)

"Treating outcomes of social capital as its indicator will necessarily find social capital to be related to those outcomes." (Edwards)

"… logical circularity. As a propensity of communities and nations rather than individuals, social capital is simultaneously a cause and an effect. It leads to positive outcomes, such as economic development and less crime, and its existence is inferred from the same outcomes." (Portes, 1998)

Glossary Source: 

Edwards, R. (2002, October 18). Social Capital, A Sloan Work and Family Encyclopedia Entry. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

As defined by Edwards citing: Durlauf, S.N. (1999) The case "against" social capital. Focus, 20(3), p. 1-5.

Portes, A. (1998). Social capital: its origins and applications in modern sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 24(1), p. 1-24.