Glossary of "S"

  • A (36)
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  • D (26)
  • E (34)
  • F (43)
  • G (20)
  • H (19)
  • I (27)
  • J (11)
  • K (1)
  • L (16)
  • M (27)
  • N (18)
  • O (18)
  • P (33)
  • Q (5)
  • R (30)
  • S (59)
  • T (16)
  • U (4)
  • V (7)
  • W (39)
"Emphasizes group process and intergroup relations." (Andreassi, Desrochers & Thompson) "A social psychological theory of identity formulation that privileges the role of large group...
“…refers to using network ties for social mobility” (Ciabattari, 2007, p. 35).
"Individuals or groups linked by some common bond, shared social status, similar or shared functions, or geographic or cultural connection. Social networks form and discontinue on an ad hoc basis...
"A monetary benefit paid through Social Security to persons under age 65 with disabilities." (Bookman et al., 2007)
"Special health care needs are broad and include children with “…a chronic physical, developmental, behavioral or emotional condition who also require health and related services of a type or amount...
"Special needs have generally been identified through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Young children who have been diagnosed as having developmental delays, or any child who has been...
"[Some] feminist legal scholars advocate “special treatment” of pregnant employees based on the argument that pregnancy places special burdens on women because of real physiological differences...
“Spillover theory postulates the conditions under which the spillover between the work microsystem and the family microsystem is positive or negative. Research documents that if work-family...
Westman states that “…spillover (is) stress experienced in one domain of life results in stress in  the other domain for the same individual.. spillover is… intra-individual… Thus, spillover is...
“These are full shifts divided into two distinct parts with a gap of several hours in between. Used in industries where peak demands are met at different times of the day e.g. catering, passenger...
"A federal law providing that if one member of a married couple becomes a nursing home resident, the property and assets of the married couple will be combined, regardless of who owns the asset, and...
The formal and informal policies and norms in paid workplaces associated with the provision of benefits, recruitment, hiring, and retention of partners and spouses of already-hired employees.
The ratio of husbands’ and wives’ relative earnings (often expressed as the percentage of a couple’s total income earned by the wife).
“Staggered shifts are…shifts that start at different times during the day. As an example, a company may have shifts that are staggered 4 hr apart” (Oexman, Knotts, & Koch, 2002, p. 153).
"The stakeholder approach to [measuring organizational outcomes], described by authors including Litchfield, 1999 and Mirvis, 1999, considers the different types of benefits that are gained by...
"The term ‘stakeholder’ has been defined as “those groups without whose support the organization would cease to exist” and originally included shareowners, employees, customers, lenders and society (...
“…[F]or behavior to be classified as stalking it must have involved 10 separate intrusions and/or communications and must have continued for a period of at least 4 weeks. The intrusions include...
“It is a conception of the family as a legally married couple sharing a household. The adult male is in paid employment; his earnings provide the economic basis of the family-household. The adult...
This type of insurance program provides employees who must take leave from work because they are “temporarily disabled” for non- work-related reasons, including pregnancy and childbirth, with partial...
"Staycation is the new "too broke to go anywhere." According to Wikipedia, "staycation" may have its origins in a hit Canadian TV comedy called "Corner Gas," which premiered in 2004. Ben Zimmer,...
“A stem family links the nuclear family of one married child with his or her natal family” (Parkin, 1997, p. 28).
“For the purposes of this article, we define a stepparent as a person married to the legal (natural or adoptive) parent of a child” (Mason & Zavac, 2002, p. 229).
Descriptive stereotypes are perceivers’ beliefs about the characteristics of a social group and indicate the attributes, roles, and behaviors that describe that group (Gill, 2004). Prescriptive...
“On straight shifts or fixed shifts, each crew has its own set of hours that do not change…there are two basic fixed schedules. The first is a set of three 8-hr shifts that comprise the total hours...
“Strain-based conflict occurs when stress arising in one role is carried or transferred to the other role, with the consequent strain symptoms (e.g., anxiety, irritability) reducing effectiveness in...
"[T]he strategy approach [to measuring organizational outcomes] assesses the extent to which work/life initiatives facilitate the company's ability to make progress on key business strategies (for...
"A subfamily is a married couple with or without children, or a single parent with one or more own never-married children under 18 years old. A subfamily does not maintain their own household, but...
“A form of compressed work week enabling employees to work longer hours Monday-Thursdays and fewer hours on Fridays during the summer months” (FlexPaths).
"An activity is sustainable when all costs are internalized, because if the costs are too high, the activities stop. Low gas prices lead to more Hummers; taxing gas in some fashion to pay for...