Glossary of "S"

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“A sabbatical year is a prolonged hiatus, typically one year, in the career of an otherwise successful individual taken in order to fulfill some dream, e.g. writing a book or travelling extensively....
“Traditional: Those sandwiched between aging parents who need care and/or help and their own children. Club Sandwich: Those in their 50’s or 60’s, sandwiched between aging parents, adult children and...
“In satellite offices, employees work both outside the home and away from the conventional workplace in a location convenient to the employees and/or customers” (Kurland & Bailey, 1999, p. 54).
When the working hours of an attorney (or other professional) who works on a part-time schedule slowly creep back up towards full time, so that the employee ends up working close to full-time hours...
"Persons employed by a country other than their own for only part of a year because the work they perform depends on seasonal conditions. They are a subcategory of foreign migrant workers." (United...
"Throughout the 20th century job insecurity has been a pervasive problem for workers who labored in the secondary labor market. The low value “deskilled” jobs that comprise the secondary labor market...
“We call it BASIC FLEX, but it goes my many names such as Premium Only Plans (POP), Premium Conversion Plans, Cash-In-Lieu-Of Plans, Salary Reduction Plans, Flexible Benefit Plans, Flexible Spending...
"An affordable housing assistance program offered by the federal government, either as rental vouchers which can sometimes be used for assisted living housing or as a "project-based Section 8" which...
Trends in rate of growth of a particular group of industries, or "sector." Sectors include agriculture, services, manufacturing, finance, government, etc. (Schor)
A person with a physical, mental, or emotional condition lasting six months or more, who has difficulty in doing any of the activities such as dressing, bathing, or getting around inside the home (...
“Regular amounts of time each week in which the child is left alone or left with a sibling younger than age 13” (Cappizano, Tout, & Adams, 2000). “A child between the ages of approximately 6 and...
"Self-employed workers are persons who are the sole owners, or joint owners, of the unincorporated enterprises in which they work, excluding those unincorporated enterprises that are classified as...
A person with a disability that has any of the long-lasting conditions such as blindness, deafness, or a severe vision or hearing impairment (Erickson & Lee, 2008).
“Serious health condition entitling an employee to FMLA leave means: an illness, injury, impairment, or physical or mental condition that involves: Inpatient care (i.e., an overnight stay) in a...
"Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII applies to employers with 15 or more employees, including state and local...
“Sexual violence is divided into three categories: 1) use of physical force to compel a person to engage in a sexual act against his or her will, whether or not the act is completed; 2) attempted or...
“The shareholder value is the value of the company (firm) minus the Future claims (debts.) The value of a company can be calculated as the Net Present Value of all future cash flows plus the value of...
“The ability for shift-workers to trade shifts with each other as needed” (FlexPaths).
“Shift work refers to a job schedule in which employees work hours other than the standard hours of 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. or a schedule other than the standard workweek - Monday through Friday in the...
"A program of the Executive Office of Elder Affairs providing free, confidential and unbiased health insurance counseling through a volunteer network of health benefits counselors. Information is...
"Short Term Time Off (STO) refers to job-protected time away from the workplace (generally 5 days or less) to address anticipated or unexpected issues of limited duration. STO may be scheduled or...
“A second subset, employees without spouses or children, has been called one of the fastest-growing segments of the workforce” (Young, 1999, p. 33). “Clearly, there is a disconnect between the...
“We can define singles as legally single or socially single, though the two often overlap. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, over 40% of adults are legally single, including people who are...
“We define singles-friendly culture as the shared assumptions, beliefs, and values regarding the extent to which an organization supports integration of work and nonwork that is unrelated to family,...
"A nursing home providing services for residents whose general condition tends to be unstable, and requires close observation and care given by professional staff over a 24-hour period. Some skilled...
"Skipped generation families are families in which grandparents raise children and parents are absent from the household. This is one area in which different subcultures may have different norms." (...
“The Office of Advocacy defines a small business for research purposes as an independent business having fewer than 500 employees” (U.S. Small Business Administration, n.d.). “The Small Business Act...
"Broadly, social capital concerns the norms and values people hold that result in, and are the result of, collective and socially negotiated ties and relationships. It is integrally related to other...
"A cross-disciplinary concept generally referring to the benefits of social networks, including problem solving related to mutual interests." (Putnam, 2000)
"Social Constructionism is a general term sometimes applied to theories that emphasize the socially created nature of social life." (Marshall, 1994)