Glossary of "R"

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Related: Ramp-Up Phase, Definition of “The phase in a project’s life cycle immediately following construction. It is during this phase, the early years of operation, that a project’s revenue stream...
“The right to request flexible working applies to all staff, whatever their role or level of responsibility. The scheme has a ‘reason-neutral’ approach. This encourages both staff and managers to...
“Reasonable accommodation may include, but is not limited to: (1) Making existing facilities used by employees readily accessible to and usable by persons with disabilities. (2) Job restructuring,...
"A relational process, typically informal, between the parent and supervisor or parent and co-worker. The goal of the negotiation is to gain care response flexibility, especially for the...
"Acknowledgment that many women and men want to parent their own children, and that day care and flexible schedule options are only part of the solution… eliminate the fundamental temporal...
Recruitment involves the utilization of organizational practices to influence the number and types of individuals who are willing to apply for job vacancies (Rynes, 1991; Rynes & Cable, 2003)....
“…a.) working no more than the median number of hours worked per week by other physicians of one’s own gender…for at least the preceding 3 months; and b.) considering oneself to be working reduced...
“Reduced-load work is defined as working less than full time, for example, 4 instead of 5 days a week, and being paid less accordingly.“ (Lee & Kossek, 2004)
"…comparison other." (Grandey & Cordeiro) "The idea or thing that a word, symbolizes." (Abate, 2003). "A comparison standard." (Cordeiro)
"Our perceptions of our identities are influenced by what we think others think of us as we enact our various roles." (Desrochers, Andreassi, Thompson)"[T]he human ability to think of and refer to...
Workers who, “work from home one or more full days per week, and work in a company office at least one full day per week” (Richman, Noble, & Johnson, 2002, p. 9).
“Reluctant hard workers operate at a relatively low hierarchical level and report relatively long working hours. They have a strong perception of pressure within their organization and have every...
“when managers are physically separated from their direct reports because the manager and/or the employee teleworks and thus manages these employees remotely” (Kurland & Bailey, 1999, p. 56).
Workers who, “perform their work from home full-time, although they may occasionally go into a company office” (Richman, Noble, & Johnson, 2002, p. 9).
"Generally refers to working off-site at a long-distance location. This might include employees who live year-round at another location, or those who live part of each month or part of each year at...
Resilience is the set of skills and behaviours needed to be successful in the midst of a fast-paced and continuously changing work environment. It is the same set of skills that helps prevent work...
“Psychological resiliency … is the ability of people to return to normal by bouncing back from the ups and downs of life. To reduce the effects of stress and depression in your workplace (and to...
“Effective employee retention is a systematic effort by employers to create and foster an environment that encourages current employees to remain employed by having policies and practices in place...
“Retirement most often is defined with reference to two characteristics: nonparticipation in the paid labor force and receipt of income from pensions, Social Security, and other retirement plans. An...
Adult students who are currently enrolled in a post-secondary degree-granting or continuing education program following a discernable break in their education, who may or may not have had any prior...
"The frequency that individuals bring work home and receive work-related contact or communications outside of normal work hours." (Schieman & Glavin)
"Integration is believed to occur through two mechanisms: flexibility and permeability. Flexibility refers to the malleability of the boundary between two or more role/domains-its ability to expand...
"The importance of a role is determined by commitment to the role, which includes attitudes and emotions, participation in the role, and knowledge about the role. An important issue in career...
When two or more roles/life domains are both highly inflexible and highly impermeable, they are highly segmented. (Desrochers) "[I]ntegration is denoted by roles that are weakly differentiated (low...
Role theory attempts to explain the interactions between individuals in organizations by focusing on the roles they play. Role behavior is influenced by role expectations for appropriate behavior in...
"Ashforth (2001) argues that role transitions involve crossing role boundaries, and he draws a distinction between 'macro role transitions and micro role transitions." (Desrochers & Sargent...
"The sequential (and often permanent) exiting from one role and entering of another over time, such as a promotion (Ashforth, 2001) or downward job transition (Sargent, 2001)." (Desrochers &...
"Switching back and forth among one's currently held roles." (Desrochers & Sargent) Ashforth (2001) defines micro role transitions as "the psychological and (if relevant) physical movement...
“Rotating schedules are normally composed of ‘fixed length’ schedules with varying start times. There are two types of rotating schedules, forward rotating and backward rotating” (Oexman, Knotts,...
Sparsely populated areas with restricted access to urban centers (Farmer, 2008; Housing Assistance Council, 2002; USDA Economic Research Service, 2004). The U.S. Census Bureau defines the term...