Helping, Formal, Definition(s)

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Formal helping or volunteering is assistance provided through organizations, either mutual benefit associations or community-oriented service organizations (Voydanoff).

Volunteer work is time and effort devoted to helping others without remuneration or coercion (Voydanoff citing Wilson & Musick).

Glossary Source: 

Volunteer work is time and effort devoted to helping others without remuneration or coercion.  As defined by Voydanoff citing Wilson & Musick:

Wilson, J., & Musick, M. (1998). The contribution of social resources to volunteering. Social Science Quarterly, 79, 799-814.