EEOC (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission), Definition(s) of

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“The EEOC was created by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and began operating on July 2, 1965. The purpose of the EEOC is to eliminate discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, or age in hiring, promoting, firing, wages, testing, training, apprenticeship, and all other terms and conditions of employment.”

“The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is responsible for enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an employee because of the person’s race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information. It is also illegal to discriminate against a person because the person complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit.

Most employers with at least 15 employees are covered by EEOC laws (20 employees in age discrimination cases). Most labor unions and employment agencies are also covered.”

Glossary Source: 

AARP (2004). Acronyms in aging: Organizations, agencies, programs, and laws. AARP Research Information Center.

EEOC
U.S. EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION
1801 L Street, NW
Washington, DC 20507
(202) 663-4900
(800) 669-4000
(202) 663-4912 (FAX)
Web site: www.eeoc.gov