Glossary of "C"

  • A (36)
  • B (19)
  • C (58)
  • D (26)
  • E (34)
  • F (43)
  • G (20)
  • H (19)
  • I (27)
  • J (11)
  • K (1)
  • L (16)
  • M (27)
  • N (18)
  • O (18)
  • P (33)
  • Q (5)
  • R (30)
  • S (59)
  • T (16)
  • U (4)
  • V (7)
  • W (39)
"[T]he ability of a community structure to realize the common values of its residents and maintain effective social controls" (Sampson, 1999, p. 253).
"Social relationships that individuals have based on group consensus, shared norms and values, common goals, and feelings of identification, belonging and trust" (Small & Supple, 2001, p. 3).
A multidimensional concept that includes a feeling of belonging, the sense that the individual and the group matter to each other, the feeling that members' needs will be met through group resources...
A group of people who live in a common territory, have a common history and shared values, participate together in various activities, and have a high degree of solidarity" (p.14 Phillips 1993).
“Men and women in dual-career marriages who desire to stay married, but also voluntarily choose to pursue careers to which they feel a strong commitment. They establish separate homes so they can do...
"[C]ompensation theory proposes that individuals invest more heavily in one domain to make up for what is missing in the other domain (Staines, 1980)." (Hyland, 2003)
"Under a compressed workweek arrangement, employees typically work a standard 40-hour week but may only work 3 or 4 days of the week (i.e., putting in more than 8 hours but working fewer days)" (Rau...
Services provided on-site, such as dental or health care, food or other shopping, car servicing, or dry cleaning, typically at employee expense, to increase the employee's time available for paid...
"This term, which is very similar to the "glass ceiling," is defined as those artificial barriers based on attitudinal or organizational bias that prevent qualified individuals from advancing upward...
"A non-institutional, independent group living environment that integrates shelter and service needs of functionally impaired and/or socially isolated elders who do not need institutional supervision...
"An integrated model of stress that encompasses several stress theories. According to the model, individuals seek to acquire and maintain resources, including objects (e.g., homes, clothes, food),...
"Legal processes in which a probate court appoints one or more persons to handle the financial affairs of a person the court determines to be incompetent or otherwise unable to handle his/her own...
"Legal process in which a probate court appoints one or more persons to handle the financial affairs of a person the court determines to be incompetent or otherwise unable to handle her/his own...
Includes part-timers, temporary workers and independent contractors; those not traditionally seen as entitled to the benefits enjoyed by 'employees'." (Nowicki) "[T]he temp, the part-timer, the...
“…workers in jobs ‘structured to be of limited duration’…” (USBLS)
"An alternative housing option designed to accommodate the needs of elders who can no longer live alone. CCRCs offer a full continuum of care, ranging from fully independent units, to assistance with...
Researchers generally agree there are three "foci" used to classify types of organizational commitment. The three types of commitment are affective, continuous, and normative commitment...Continuous...
"Self-employed individual who works remotely at least one day per month during normal business hours." (WorldatWork, 2007)
“We propose that a coparenting relationship exists when at least two individuals are expected by mutual agreement or societal norms to have conjoint responsibility for a particular child’s well-being...
“Total number of daily hours the employee must be at work.  All other things being equal, longer core hours imply decreased flexibility of the program" (Golembiewski & Proehl, 1978, p. 838).
“The belief that companies need to take an active responsibility for their employees’ lives and that corporations have social responsibilities even when meeting those responsibilities may cost money...
"Webster's Dictionary dedines corporate culture as "the shared values, traditions, customers, philosophy, and policies of a corporation; also, the professional atmosphere that grows from this and...
"Stress and strain from one member of a dyad to the other." (Hammer & Thompson citing Westman). "[T]he transmission of the stress and strains of one spouse affecting the stress and strain of the...
Cultural globalization ”refers to worldwide cultural standardization — as in ‘Coca Colonization’ and ‘McDonaldization’ — as well as to postcolonial cultures, cultural pluralism, and ‘hybridization.’...
“Typical societal ideal representations, norms, and values regarding the family and the societal integration of women and men.”
“Culture change differs from other types of organizational change. The shared beliefs, values, and behaviors of organizational members become the target of the change process rather than solely...
A type of home care service that provides non-professional care to assist elders’ activities of daily living such as walking, getting in and out of bed, bathing, dressing, eating, toileting, and...
Workers who, “are assigned to work primarily at a customer site, but may go into a company office for meetings, new assignments, or administrative matters” (Richman, Noble, & Johnson, 2002, p. 9...