Glossary of "B"

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Ages 38-57 (in 2002) (Families & Work Institute, 2004). “Born between 1947 and 1966…The last generation to force great changes on society, Baby boomers grew up in relative prosperity and safety…...
A number of states have pursued proposals to amend state Unemployment Insurance (UI) laws to allow qualified employees to collect unemployment compensation while they are caring for a newborn or...
Back-up child care is a specialized type of child care that includes helping the whole family feel comfortable in a transitional environment.” (Bright Horizons, 2006) “Backup services are available...
"Jobs that typically have low salaries, limited or no career advancement opportunities, and few, if any, benefits" (Barnett, 2003). "Secondary part-time jobs: Workers have low skill and compensation...
"The traditional notion that an employer is entitled to an "ideal worker," who works full time and overtime while supported by a flow of family work from a spouse, is being challenged by the model of...
“Total number of hours in the interval between the earliest possible start time and the latest finishing time. All other things being equal, the larger the band width, the greater the possible...
"Long and thin in form as older generations live longer and affinal ties are weakened by divorce in the middle and younger generations" (Brannen & Nilsen). "Vertical relationships within families...
“In behavior-based conflict, a behavior that is effective in one role (e.g., an authoritarian interaction style) is inappropriately applied to the other role reducing one’s effectiveness in the role...
“The process of identifying the best practice in relation to products and processes, both within an industry and outside it, with the object of using this as a guide and reference point for improving...
"If you pay your cleaner or builder in cash, or for some reason neglect to tell the taxman that you were paid for a service rendered, you participate in the black or underground economy. Such...
“1. A family that is formed when separate families are united by marriage or other circumstance; a stepfamily. 2. Various kinship or nonkinship groups whose members reside together and assume...
"Based on exclusive ties of solidarity between 'people like us', exemplified by families, and is restricted to enabling people to 'get by'." (Edwards) "Bonding social capital refers to the links...
"Boomers in retirement may want to satisfy unfulfilled entrepreneurial yearnings. So they retire from one career job and start their own business. The boomerang effect is also seen when an...
"The mental and behavioral activities that make up the 'strategies, principles, and practices we use to create, maintain, and modify cultural categories'," (Desrochers & Sargent as cited by...
"Within the general meaning of boundaryless careers—as being the opposite of organizational careers—lie several specific meanings, or emphases. The most prominant of these is a case where a career,...
“The emigration of highly skilled or qualified people from a country.” (Brain Drain, 2004). “A nation’s or institution’s loss of scientific, technical, or leadership talent when these people...
“—part-time or short-duration jobs that occur between full-time career employment and complete labor force withdrawal (Quinn, 2002, p.295)”
"Refers to cooperative connections with people from different walks of life, more valuable than 'bonding social capital'." (Edwards) "Bridging social capital … refers to the building of connections...
“The ability of employees to purchase vacation time beyond what they would normally have earned” (FlexPaths).