Work and Family Glossary

  • A (36)
  • B (19)
  • C (58)
  • D (26)
  • E (34)
  • F (43)
  • G (20)
  • H (19)
  • I (27)
  • J (11)
  • K (1)
  • L (16)
  • M (27)
  • N (18)
  • O (18)
  • P (33)
  • Q (5)
  • R (30)
  • S (59)
  • T (16)
  • U (4)
  • V (7)
  • W (39)

The Glossary was prepared to clarify and/or define specific terms selected from entries in the Work and Family Encyclopedia as well as several other work and family sources.

We look to multiple sources for appropriate definitions, including: 1) social science dictionaries, 2) Encyclopedia entry author(s)' definitions, and 3) definitions excerpted from academic literature.

Editors: Karen Corday & Judi Casey
Founding Editors: Jessica Jackson & Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes

Select a term from the list below.

A

“AARP is a nonprofit, nonpartisan membership organization for people 50 and over. It provides information and resources; advocates on legislative, consumer, and legal issues; assists members to serve...
Absences refer to missing part or whole days of work due to personal illness, personal business, or other reasons. May be avoidable and unavoidable. (Thompson) "Absenteeism is failing to report for...
Workers who, “perform their work in a company office. However, at least one day per month, but not as frequently as once per week, they work from home during regular work hours. This category also...
“The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of age in any program or activity that receives federal financial support if that program is not explicitly aimed at a particular age group. The ADA...
“In 1967, the U.S. Congress enacted the ADEA to protect employees and job-seekers from arbitrary age discrimination. The law, as amended in 1986, covers workers age 40 and older who work for...
“A benefit provided by employers to cover the medical, legal, and travel costs related to adoption. It usually ranges from $1,000 to $10,000 and provides equity for adoptive parents.” (Stebbins,...
“Adult Day Care Centers offer social, recreational and health-related services to individuals in a protective setting who cannot be left alone during the day because of health care and social need,...
"A community-based program similar to adult day care but designed for elders and persons with disabilities who need a higher level of care, but can still benefit from receiving services in a group...
Adult independence is the term used commonly to refer to the transition to adulthood when young people are no longer wholly dependent on parents (financially, socially or psychologically) but would...
Period of time after the birth of a couples' first child when, "the responsibilities of parenthood arrived." (Brannen & Nilsen) "Full adult status is achieved when young people 'settle down'...
Usually taken to refer to the transition to adulthood but argues that adulthood increasingly extends across a long period of the life course. (Brannen) "Usually refers to the transition to adulthood...
"Researchers generally agree there are three "foci" used to classify types of organizational commitment. The three types of commitment are affective, continuous, and normative commitment. Affective...
"In...recent work, the notion of family is often expanded to include individuals, either living together or not, who are tied by not only marriage, birth, and adoption, but also by dependence,...
"An affinity group is a group of people who share interests, issues, and a common bond or background, and offer support for each other. These groups can be formed between friends, or people from the...
After-school arrangements include self-care, formal after-school programs, and family or other relative care and have been more specifically “conceptualized along a continuum, characterized at one...
After-school programs include a variety of activities that take place in the school building such as clubs, homework hall, and enrichment activities.  Formal after-school programs can also take...
“The set of after-school environments and schedules for a particular child.  Weekly after-school arrangements for a twelve-year-old might include attendance at an arts-and-crafts center three...
“The overall sets of place, people, and activities that characterize the after-school period for a particular child over time and for children and adolescents in general” (Nash & Fraser, 1998)....
“A specific location (home, after-school center, the street) where a youth spends time after school, along with its physical, psychosocial and cultural context” (Nash & Fraser, 1998).
“The period beginning when a child is dismissed from school and lasting until about 6:00 pm” (Nash & Fraser, 1998).After-school includes school holidays, early release days, and summer vacations...
Ageism refers to stereotyping and generalising on the basis of age, typically old age, and is spreading to middle age as the boundaries of middle age move into what was once considered old age. (...
“Aging in place”… is not having to move from one's present residence in order to secure necessary support services in response to changing need. We are using the term "aging in place" in reference to...
“By the end of 2002, the number of older workers in the labor force aged 55 to 64-employed or seeking work-increased to 62.9%, the highest level during the postwar era…According to the U.S. Bureau of...
The employee works “in 2, 3 or 4 alternating shifts” (Le Bihan & Martin, 2004, p. 567).
"Flexible work arrangements such as flextime, telecommuting, part-time." (Grandey & Cordeiro) "One of two categories of work-life benefits, is exclusive of dependent care needs." (Parker, &...
“ASA is a national professional membership organization founded in 1954. Its members include practitioners, educators, researchers, and lay people working with and on behalf of the aging. It offers a...
“Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 prohibits private employers, state and local governments, employment agencies and labor unions from discriminating against qualified...
"A form of compressed work schedule or reduced hours, in which employees (either full or part-time) work a certain number of hours per year rather than per week. Employees can take advantage of their...
“Established in 1965, AoA is the principal federal agency responsible for programs authorized under the Older Americans Act of 1965. AoA and its nine regional offices are the focal point for the...
"Firms want to hire from a large applicant pool of qualified individuals. If a firm does not offer all the benefits of its competitor, its applicant pool will be smaller than the pool of its...