Family Responsibilities Discrimination (FRD)

Family Responsibilities Discrimination (FRD)

Compiled by Andy Kang, M.S.W. and
Mikaela Marmion, M.S.W.

Topic Page Advisor:
Stephanie Bornstein, J.D.

Effective Workplace Series (EWS), 2010, Issue 18: Family Responsibilities Discrimination (FRD)

By: Mary Curlew, MSW

The Effective Workplace Series (EWS) was designed to provide a summary of the Sloan Network's topic pages.

To access this document (PDF): https://workfamily.sas.upenn.edu/sites/workfamily.sas.upenn.edu/files/imported/pdfs/EWS18_FRD.pdf

A Sloan Network Fact Sheet on Family Responsibilities Discrimination (2010)

The Sloan Work and Family Research Network has prepared Fact Sheets which provide statistical answers to some important questions about work-family and work-life issues.

Click here to download the Sloan Network Fact Sheet on Family Responsibilities Discrimination (FRD): https://workfamily.sas.upenn.edu/sites/workfamily.sas.upenn.edu/files/imported/pdfs/FactSheet_FRD.pdf

Policy Briefing Series: Addressing Family Responsibilities Discrimination (2008)

Source:
Bornstein, S., & Weber, J. (2008). Policy Briefing Series: Addressing Family Responsibilities Discrimination. WorkLife Law and the Sloan Work and Family Research Network. Retrieved from http://www.worklifelaw.org/pubs/policybrieffrd.pdf.

Description:
Workplace discrimination against mothers and others based on their family caregiving responsibilities is a rapidly growing problem. Recently, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) responded by issuing new enforcement guidance on caregiver discrimination. State policymakers are also beginning to respond.

Links:
To access this document, click here: https://workfamily.sas.upenn.edu/sites/workfamily.sas.upenn.edu/files/imported/pdfs/policy_makers16.pdf

To learn more about Worklife Law, click here: http://www.worklifelaw.org

Enforcement Guidance: Unlawful Disparate Treatment of Workers With Caregiving Responsibilities (2007)

Source:
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2007, May 23). Enforcement guidance: Unlawful disparate treatment of workers with caregiving responsibilities, in E.E.O.C. Compliance Manual, 2, § 615. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from: http://www.eeoc.gov/policy/docs/caregiving.pdf.


Description:
Although the federal EEO laws do not prohibit discrimination against caregivers per se, there are circumstances in which discrimination against caregivers might constitute unlawful disparate treatment. The purpose of this document is to assist investigators, employees, and employers in assessing whether a particular employment decision affecting a caregiver might unlawfully discriminate on the basis of prohibited characteristics under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 or the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.


Links:
To access this document, click here: http://www.eeoc.gov/policy/docs/caregiving.html
To learn more about the EEOC, click here: http://www.eeoc.gov/


Some New Letters for Your Alphabet Soup: FRD – Family Responsibility Discrimination (2010)

Source:
Novick, M.S. (2010). Some New Letters for Your Alphabet Soup: FRD - Family Responsibility Discrimination. Professionals in Human Resources Association. Retrieved from: http://pihrablog.wordpress.com/2010/01/24/some-new-letters-for-your-alphabet-soup-frd-%E2%80%93-family-responsibility-discrimination/


Description:
Provides employers with an overview of FRD, the current legislative picture, and tips for avoiding FRD in the workplace.


Links:
To access this document, click here: http://pihrablog.wordpress.com/2010/01/24/some-new-letters-for-your-alphabet-soup-frd-%E2%80%93-family-responsibility-discrimination/
To learn more about this organization, click here: http://pihra.org

We Are Family: Employees with Family Responsibilities are Insisting on Equal Treatment, and are Finding Supportive Voices in Court (2007)

Source:
Gougisha, M., & Stout, A. (2007). We are family: employees with family responsibilities are insisting on equal treatment, and are finding supportive voices in court. HR Magazine, April 2007.

Description:
The ongoing struggle between the traditional concept of an ideal employee - historically modeled around men who work full time - and the rapidly changing workplace that must accommodate employees with family caregiving responsibilities has morphed into a pressing legal issue for many organizations.

Links:
To access this document, click here: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3495/is_4_52/ai_n19039028/
To learn more about HR Magazine, click here: http://www.shrm.org/Publications/hrmagazine/Pages/default.aspx 

Family Responsibilities Discrimination (2009)

Source:
Bogas, K. L., & Croson, C. (2009). Family responsibilities discrimination. The Michigan Bar Journal, January 2009


Description:
Discusses recent developments in discrimination law relating to family responsibility discrimination and impacts on federal, state, and local statutes.


Links:
To access this document click here:
http://www.michbar.org/journal/pdf/pdf4article1457.pdf
To learn more about the Michigan Bar Journal, click here: http://www.michbar.org/journal/


The Letter of Sex Discrimination Laws Versus Reality: With Women Rising Higher on the Corporate Ladder, Lawsuits like Bloomberg’s to Rise (2007)

Source:
Friedman, E. (2007, October 8). The Letter of Sex Discrimination Laws Versus Reality: With Women Rising Higher on the Corporate Ladder, Lawsuits like Bloomberg’s to Rise. ABC News.com. Retrieved from: http://abcnews.go.com/Business/story?id=3695445&page=1


Description:
Bloomberg LP, the world’s largest financial news and data provider, is the latest corporation to be slapped with accusations of sexual discrimination, part of what experts told ABC News is a coming tidal wave of such complaints as more women continue their ascent in the workplace.


Links:
To access this document, click here: http://abcnews.go.com/Business/story?id=3695445&page=1
To learn more about ABC News, click here: http://abcnews.go.com 

Dena Lockwood Was Fired When She Called in Sick to Care for Her Daughter: Lockwood’s Case Sheds Light on the Power of Local Discrimination Laws (2010)

Source:
Friedman, E. (2010, January 29). Dena Lockwood Was Fired When She Called in Sick to Care for Her Daughter: Lockwood’s Case Sheds Light on the Power of Local Discrimination Laws. ABC News.com. Retrieved from: http://abcnews.go.com/Business/SmallBiz/single-mother-wins-court-losing-job-care-sick/story?id=9689779


Description:
Dena Lockwood of Chicago never would have thought that her daughter Lily’s nasty case of pinkeye could cost her a job she’d had for more than two years. But when Lockwood called in sick one Friday in 2006, that’s exactly what happened, her manager telling her that she was being fired minutes after she’d explained that her 4-year-old’s illness required her to stay home for the day.


Links:

To access this document, click here: http://abcnews.go.com/Business/SmallBiz/single-mother-wins-court-losing-job-care-sick/story?id=9689779
To learn more about ABC News, click here: http://abcnews.go.com

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