Disabilities and Employment

Disabilities and Employment

Compiled by Caroline Ogilvy, M.S.W.

Topic Page Advisor:
Lisa Schur, Ph.D.

A Sloan Network Fact Sheet on Disabilities And Employment (2010)

The Sloan Work and Family Research Network has prepared Fact Sheets which provide statistical answers to some important questions about work-family and work-life issues.

Click here to download the Sloan Network Fact Sheet on Disabilities And Employment https://workfamily.sas.upenn.edu/sites/workfamily.sas.upenn.edu/files/imported/pdfs/FactSheet_DisabilitiesAndEmployment.pdf

Effective Workplace Series (EWS), 2010, Issue 19: Disabilities and Employment

By: Caroline Ogilvy, MSW

The Effective Workplace Series (EWS) was designed to provide a summary of the Sloan Network's topic pages.

To access this document (PDF):  https://workfamily.sas.upenn.edu/sites/workfamily.sas.upenn.edu/files/imported/pdfs/EWS19_Disabilities_and_Employment.pdf

Federal Employment of People with Disabilities (2009)

Source:
National Council of Disability. (2009). Federal employment of people with disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED504722.pdf

Description:

“The purpose of this paper is to examine the status of employment of people with disabilities in the Federal Government and to make recommendations for improving federal hiring and advancement of employees with disabilities. The paper summarizes the legal authorities and policy guidance, the responsibilities of various federal agencies charged with ensuring equal opportunity in federal employment, barriers to hiring and advancement, provisions for reasonable accommodations, and agency initiatives” (NCD, p. 7).

Links:
To access this document (PDF), visit: http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED504722.pdf

The Employment Rate of People with Disabilities (2008)

Source:
Barnow, B. S. (2008). The employment rate of people with disabilities. Monthly Labor Review, 131(11), 44-50. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2008/11/art3full.pdf

Description:
“Critical issues in evaluating employment policies for the disabled are the measurement of employment status, the measurement of disability status, and the question of which subpopulations of the disabled should be included; no clear consensus has emerged regarding the outcome of these issues, except that surveys must provide more comprehensive coverage.” (Barnow, p. 44)

Links:
To access this document, visit: http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2008/11/art3full.pdf 

The Hidden Business Cost of Mental Illness (2009)

Source:
Friedman, S. (2009, December 3). The hidden business cost of mental illness [Online exclusive]. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved March 23 2010, http://blogs.hbr.org/friedman/2009/12/the-hidden-business-cost-of-me.html

Description:

Friedman’s blog article highlights the hidden cost associated with mental illness as one of the most ignored and salient issues for American business this year regarding health care reform. The prevalence of mental illness in the general population has increased the need for awareness and understanding at the workplace to reduce the social stigma associated with mental illness. The blog encourages supportive services in the workplace for employees with mental disabilities or employees who care for family members with disabilities.

Links:
To access this document (URL), visit:
http://blogs.harvardbusiness.org/friedman/2009/12/the-hidden-business-cost-of-me.html

The Treatment of Employees with Psychiatric Disabilities (2009)

Source:
Barclay, L. A., & Markel, K. S. (2009). Ethical fairness and human rights: The treatment of employees with psychiatric disabilities. Journal of Business Ethics, 85(3), 333-345.

Description:
“This article will describe previous research on individuals with psychiatric disabilities drawn from rehabilitation, psychological, managerial, legal, as well as related business ethics writings before presenting a framework that illustrates the dynamics of (un)ethical behavior in relation to the employment of such individuals. Individuals with psychiatric disabilities often evoke negative reactions from those in their environment. Lastly, we provide recommendations for how employees and organizations can become more proactive in providing individuals with such disabilities equal employment opportunities for both access and accommodation in the workplace.” (Barclay & Markel, 2009, p. 333)

Links:
To access this document (PDF), visit: http://www.springerlink.com/content/551728wvm5k06561/fulltext.pdf


Strategic Assessment of the State of the Science in Research on Employment for Individuals with Disabilities (2007)

Source:
Loprest, P. (2007). Strategic assessment of the state of the science in research on employment for individuals with disabilities. Retrieved from the Urban Institute: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411518_individuals_with_disabilities.pdf.

Description:
“This report reviews recent research related to employment of people with disabilities. It provides a systematic review of a set of literature across key areas to provide an initial understanding of the research being conducted and to identify limitations and gaps in the research.” (Loprest, 2007, p. 3) This should be helpful for policymakers, advocates, people with disabilities, and members of the greater community who aim to improve employment and other vocational outcomes for people with disabilities.

Links:
To access this document (PDF), visit: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411518_individuals_with_disabilities.pdf

Employment Barriers for Persons with Psychiatric Disabilities (2006)

Source:
Cook, J. A. (2006). Employment barriers for persons with psychiatric disabilities: Update of a report for the President’s commission. Psychiatric Services, 57(10), 1391-1405.

Description:

“This article reviews research from the fields of disability, economics, health care, and labor studies to describe the nature of barriers to paid work and economic security for people with disabling mental disorders. These barriers include low educational attainment, unfavorable labor market dynamics, low productivity, lack of appropriate vocational and clinical services, labor force discrimination, failure of protective legislation, work disincentives caused by state and federal policies, poverty-level income, linkage of health care access to disability beneficiary status, and ineffective work incentive programs. The article concludes with a discussion of current policy initiatives in health care, mental health, and disability. Recommendations for a comprehensive system of services and supports to address multiple barriers are presented.” (Cook, 2006, p. 13191)

Links:
To access this document (PDF), visit: http://ps.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/57/10/1391

 

 

What Policymakers Need and Must Demand From Research Regarding the Employment Rate of Persons with Disabilities (2005)

Source:
Silverstein, R., Julnes, G., & Nolan, R. (2005). What policymakers need and must demand from research regarding the employment rate of persons with disabilities. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 23(3), 399-448.

Description:
“Of particular concern in the disability policy arena is the debate over the types of conclusions about employment rates that can and cannot be drawn from analyses of national survey data sets. This article connects standard research methodology concepts with the complexities of evaluating disability policy to help stakeholders appreciate the issues involved in this debate. This appreciation can help policymakers (1) recognize unwarranted cause-and-effect conclusions based solely on existing national survey data and (2) demand better data and stronger research designs to complement the potential over-reliance on correlational studies using problematic survey data to estimate policy impacts. To this end, the article concludes with a practical framework with a checklist for assessing the adequacy of research regarding the employment rate of persons with disabilities.” (Silverstein, Julnes, & Nolan, 2005, p. 399)

Links:
To access this document (PDF), visit: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/110541067/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0


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