Description: “This report reviews recent research related to employment of people with disabilities. It provides a systematic review of a set of literature across key areas to provide an initial understanding of the research being conducted and to identify limitations and gaps in the research.” (Loprest, 2007, p. 3) This should be helpful for policymakers, advocates, people with disabilities, and members of the greater community who aim to improve employment and other vocational outcomes for people with disabilities.
Source: Cook, J. A. (2006). Employment barriers for persons with psychiatric disabilities: Update of a report for the President’s commission. Psychiatric Services, 57(10), 1391-1405. Description: “This article reviews research from the fields of disability, economics, health care, and labor studies to describe the nature of barriers to paid work and economic security for people with disabling mental disorders. These barriers include low educational attainment, unfavorable labor market dynamics, low productivity, lack of appropriate vocational and clinical services, labor force discrimination, failure of protective legislation, work disincentives caused by state and federal policies, poverty-level income, linkage of health care access to disability beneficiary status, and ineffective work incentive programs. The article concludes with a discussion of current policy initiatives in health care, mental health, and disability. Recommendations for a comprehensive system of services and supports to address multiple barriers are presented.” (Cook, 2006, p. 13191)
Source: Silverstein, R., Julnes, G., & Nolan, R. (2005). What policymakers need and must demand from research regarding the employment rate of persons with disabilities. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 23(3), 399-448.
Description: “Of particular concern in the disability policy arena is the debate over the types of conclusions about employment rates that can and cannot be drawn from analyses of national survey data sets. This article connects standard research methodology concepts with the complexities of evaluating disability policy to help stakeholders appreciate the issues involved in this debate. This appreciation can help policymakers (1) recognize unwarranted cause-and-effect conclusions based solely on existing national survey data and (2) demand better data and stronger research designs to complement the potential over-reliance on correlational studies using problematic survey data to estimate policy impacts. To this end, the article concludes with a practical framework with a checklist for assessing the adequacy of research regarding the employment rate of persons with disabilities.” (Silverstein, Julnes, & Nolan, 2005, p. 399) Links: To access this document (PDF), visit: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/110541067/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0
Source: Wendt, A. C., & Sloanaker Sr., W. M. (2007). ADA’s reasonable accommodation: myth or reality. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 72(4), pp. 21-31. Description: The authors recommended that employers have a discussion with managers and supervisors concerning the organization's obligations under ADA. The responsibilities of employers who hire people with disabilities are discussed, including identifying multiple accommodation options, selecting the most effective accommodation for each particular employee, and following up with the employee to assess whether his or her needs are being met, and initiating change where necessary.
Description: The National Council on Disability (NCD) identified policies and practices that promote equal opportunity for all people with disabilities. The counsel notes that people with disabilities are constrained by the availability of workplace supports in areas such as health, education, and social services. Recommendations and the rationale for strengthening and sustaining current programs to encourage collaborations across disciplines such as federal departments and agencies, the private sector, and organizations addressing employment services for people with disabilities are examined. This information should be helpful for policymakers and advocates in all levels of government that work toward building industry capability to support the growing disability workforce of the future.