Changing Definitions of Families

Hoffman, Carol

Expertise: Child Care, Elder Care, Flexible Work Schedules, Changing Definitions of Families, Work-Family Balance, Work-Life in Academia


Columbia University
Offices of the Provost and Human Resources
401 Low Memorial
535 West 116 Street, MC 4337
New York NY 10027
United States

England, Paula

Paula England is a sociologist at Stanford University.  Her research relevant to work/family issues includes:  the motherhood penalty in wages, power in couples, housework division, divorce, occupational sex segregation, the sex gap in pay, class/education differences in intended and unintended fertility and in shotgun marriages, unmarried parents with children.

Expertise: Dual Earner Families, Changing Definitions of Families, Work-Family Conflict


Stanford University
Department of Sociology
Stanford CA 94305-2047
United States

Roos, Patricia A.

Professor Roos's research interests include work; inequalities; gender and work; stratification; and work/family. In 1985, she published Gender and Work: A Comparative Analysis of Industrial Societies (SUNY Press), and in 1990 she coauthored with Barbara Reskin Job Queues, Gender Queues: Explaining Women's Inroads Into Male Occupations (Temple University Press). She has authored sole or collaborative articles on a number of topics, among them "Shifting Gender Boundaries: Women's Inroads into Academic Sociology" (with Katharine Jones); "Staffing Personnel: Feminization and Change in Human Resource Management" (with Joan Manley); "Occupational Feminization, Occupational Decline? Sociology's Changing Sex Composition;" "The Gender Gap in Earnings: Trends, Explanations, Prospects" (with Mary Gatta); “Rethinking Occupational Integration” (with Mary Gatta); “Changing Families/Changing Communities: Work, Family, and Community in Transition” (with Mary Trigg and Mary Hartman); and “Subtle Mechanisms: Reproducing Gender Inequity in Academia.”

Prof. Roos is currently writing in three broad research areas: (1) gender equity in higher education, (2) race, class, and gender differences in work/family behavior and attitudes, and (3) a collaborative project with Rutgers colleagues on how to move toward real gender equality among women and men.  She teaches courses in work; inequalities; gender and work; work, family, politics; sociological writing; undergraduate and graduate methods; and a graduate course in writing about quantitative data/analyses.

Expertise: Dual Earner Families, Changing Definitions of Families, Community, Work and Family, Work-Family Balance.


Rutgers University - New Brunswick - Department of Sociology
54 Joyce Kilmer Avenue
Piscataway, NJ 08854-8045
United States

Davis, Kelly

Kelly D. Davis is a Research Associate in the department of Human Development and Family Studies at The Pennsylvania State University.  Broadly, her research focuses on issues related to work-family integration across the life span.  Specifically, she studies the implications of different work conditions (particularly work schedules and work-family practices) for family relationships and individual and family well-being.  Her master's thesis examined the link between mothers' and fathers' shift work and the quality of their relationships with their adolescents.  She is particularly interested in minority workers' experiences and how work gets "under the skin" by studying variations in daily work experiences and biomarkers. Her recent publications include: "Mexican-American fathers occupational conditions:  Links to family members psychological adjustment" in Journal of Marriage and Family (2006); "Implications of shift work for parent-adolescent relationships in dual-earner families" in Family Relations (2006); "How do parents learn about adolescents experiences?  Implications for parental knowledge and adolescent risky behavior" in Child Development (2005); "Students' perceptions of rewards for academic performance by parents and teachers: Relations with achievement and motivation in college" in The Journal of Genetic Psychology (2006); "Mothers' and fathers' racial socialization in African American families: Implications for youth" in Child Development (2006).

Expertise: Shift work, spillover, crossover, stress and well-being, dual-earner families, minority workers.

Ph. D.
(814) 867-2133

Pennsylvania State University - Human Develop. & Family Studies
118 Henderson Building
University Park PA 16802
United States

MacKian, Sara C

MacKian joined the Open University in 2008 as a Senior Lecturer in Health and Social Care. Prior to that she spent seven years as a Lecturer in Health Geographies at the University of Manchester. She is Chair of K202 Care, Community and Welfare and part of the team producing the new Level 2 Health and Social Care course. She is also a member of the Course Team for K309 Communication in Health and Social Care, and has contributed to K260 Death and Dying.

Her research is wide ranging but the driving theme is a curiosity for how people and organizations interact around issues of health and wellbeing. She is particularly interested in how identity, experience and social change empower or disempower, and how people can bring about change. This has resulted in studies on ME, maternal health, parenting, gay men’s health and civil society. More recently MacKian has been exploring the use of alternative spiritualities by individuals and organizations to enhance wellbeing. She has a particular interest in qualitative methods.

Expertise: Child Care; Corporate Social Responsibility/Volunteerism; Health and Wellbeing/Wellness; Changing Definitions of Families

+44(0)1908 65917

The Open University
Faculty of Health and Social Care
Walton Hall
Milton Keynes MK7 6AA
United Kingdom

Kroska, Amy

Amy Kroska is an Associate Professor of Sociology in the Department of Sociology at the University of Oklahoma.  She received her doctorate from Indiana University in 1997.  Her research focuses on social psychological processes related to work and family issues.  She has examined the division of labor in the home, the relationship between gender ideology and family role meanings, and gender differences in the meanings attached to household chores and child care.  She has also examined the way that work patterns that are discrepant from individuals’ gender ideologies affect self-meanings, distress, and gender ideology.

Expertise: Changing Definitions of Families; Work-Family Balance; Work-Family Conflict; Division of labor in the home

(405) 325-2793

University of Oklahoma
Kaufman Hall 331
Norman, OK 73019
United States

Pichler, Shaun

Shaun Pichler is currently a doctoral candidate at the School of Labor and Industrial Relations at Michigan State University. Shaun graduated with High Honors from Michigan State with a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology, and with Dean's High Honors from Loyola University Chicago with a Master of Science in Human Resource Management. Shaun has published articles in Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers, International Journal of Human Resource Management, Journal of Labor Research, Journal of Homosexuality, Journal of Managerial Psychology, and the Journal of Vocational Behavior, as well as a recent chapter on EEO and Diversity in the Oxford Handbook of HRM. Shaun's current research interests include social support for work and family, and the adoption of organizational policies that are supportive of diverse families.

Expertise: Diversity and Inclusion; Changing Definitions of Families; Work-Family Conflict


Collamore, Barry

Barry works as a senior Human Resources professional at Raytheon Company, headquartered in Waltham, Massachusetts.  He is part of the corporate Benefits Department and has oversight responsibility for Raytheon’s Work/Life programs.  Raytheon is a specialized high technology company focused primarily on defense, government electronics and business aviation employing approximately 80,000 workers around the world.

Barry’s educational background includes a Masters in Business Administration from Boston University and a Masters in Social Work from the University of Connecticut.   Some of the organizations that Barry is a member of include: AWLP, the New England Work & Family Association, the Boston College Work and Family Roundtable, and the Society for Human Resource Management.

Expertise: Older Workers/ Aging Workforce, Shift Workers, Families with Disabilities/Special Needs, Gen X/Gen Y, Child care (Back-up), Overwork/ Workload, Elder Care, Resiliency and Stress, Flexible Work Schedules, Generational diversity, Telework and Telecommuting, Resource and referral, Changing Definitions of Families,   Work-Family Conflict, and Work-Family Balance


Raytheon Company
235 Wyman Street
Waltham, MA 01451-1219
United States

Rowe-Finkbeiner, Kristin

Kristin Rowe-Finkbeiner is a co-founder and the Executive Director of  MomsRising has a goal of bringing millions of people, who all share a common concern about the need to build a more family-friendly America, together as a non-partisan force for 2008 and beyond. This grassroots, online effort is mobilizing mothers, and all who have mothers, across America as a cohesive force for change. Started May 2006, MomsRising has over 50,000 citizen members, as well as more than fifty (and growing) aligned national organizations, working together to create positive solutions for the future.

With MomsRising co-founder and President, Joan Blades (who is also co-founder of, Rowe-Finkbeiner is also the co-author of The Motherhood Manifesto.  Released on Mothers Day 2006, The Motherhood Manifesto makes the case that it’s time for a broad change in America’s support for mothers and families. In both public and private sectors, radical shifts are needed to make parenting and the workplace compatible. The Motherhood Manifesto identifies and challenges the obstacles facing working mothers today and proposes concrete solutions.

In 2005, Rowe-Finkbeiner’s book, The F-Word: Feminism in Jeopardy, was awarded first place by the Independent Book Publishers Association in the category of Women’s Issues.  Rowe-Finkbeiner writes frequently about public policy, motherhood, health, and new feminism, and many of her articles are currently being used in women's studies classes across the nation. In 2006, she was given an Excellence in Journalism award by the Society of Professional Journalists. Rowe-Finkbeiner's writing also appears in the anthology, The Essential Hip Mama: Writing from the Cutting Edge of Motherhood.

Rowe-Finkbeiner has been deeply involved in cutting edge politics and policy analysis for over a decade. More recently she’s worked as a consultant in the field of political strategy and policy analysis.  And previously, during her tenure as Political and Field Director of the Washington Conservation Voters, the political arm of the environmental movement in Washington State, she created a model statewide program to elect, endorse, and support environmentally responsible candidates.

Rowe-Finkbeiner is currently President of the Washington Environmental Alliance for Voter Education (WEAVE), an organization that is heavily involved in electoral engagement and serves on the state board of directors for the Washington Conservation Voters.  She lives in Washington State with her husband and two children.

Expertise: Dual Earner Families, Single Parents, Afterschool Care, Child Care, Flexible Work Schedules, FMLA, Paternity Leave, Maternity Leave, Paid Family Leave - State, Changing Definitions of Families,  Work-Family Balance, Working Mothers, Online Community Building, and Grassroots Organizing.
United States

Warren, Roland C.

As President of the National Fatherhood Initiative (NFI), Roland C. Warren is dedicated to NFI's mission of improving the well-being of children by increasing the proportion of children growing up with involved, responsible and committed fathers. 

Before joining NFI, Roland worked as a financial consultant for Goldman, Sachs, and Co. in Philadelphia.  He has also worked as an Associate Director of Development for his undergraduate alma mater, Princeton University where he graduated with a BA in psychology, and in management positions for both IBM and PepsiCo. 

Roland has represented NFI, and is a much sought after commentator on fatherhood, marriage, relationships, and family, in the national media, including multiple appearances on The Oprah Winfrey Show and interviews with CNN’s American Morning, DaySide, FoxNews Live, and Fox and Friends on the FoxNews Channel, and Black Entertainment Television. He has also been interviewed by or contributed to major radio and print outlets such as Time, Sports Illustrated, Men’s Health Magazine, The Wall Street Journal, USA Today, The Washington Post, Oprah Winfrey’s O magazine, Working Mothers Media, iVillage, Essence, Ebony, The Chicago Sun-Times, Philadelphia Daily News, Los Angeles Times, Philadelphia Inquirer, The Tavis Smiley Show, BBC Radio, Focus on the Family, and Janet Parshall’s America. 

He has given keynote addresses for many charitable, philanthropic, and educational organizations including: The First Lady’s Helping America’s Youth Initiative, Care Net, The Congressional Black Caucus, The African American Healthy Marriage Initiative, The Kiwanis Club, YMCA, 100 Black Men of America, the Gallup Institute, The National Head Start Association, Heartbeat International, The Urban League, The National Youth Summit, Philanthropy Roundtable, Annual Michigan Fathers Conference, and many more.

He holds positions or has held a board or committee member status on several family-oriented organizations, including the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, the National PTA, and the Parent TV National Advisory Council.  Roland received his MBA from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.  He and his wife Yvette have two sons: Jamin, a recent graduate of Harvard University and a writer with the Wall Street Journal, and Justin, a junior at the University of North Carolina.

Expertise: Dual Earner Families, Families of Color: African American, Single Parents, Child Care, Organizational Culture Change, Diversity and Inclusion, Paternity Leave, Paid Family Leave - State, Changing Definitions of Families, Work-Family Conflict, Community, Work and Family, Work-Family Spillover, Work-Family Balance, Work/life Integration, father absence in America as it relates to economics, education, crime, emotional and behavioral issues, and other measures of societal and child well-being, working with teens, especially boys, marriage issues, and the history of the fatherhood movement


National Fatherhood Initiative
101 Lakeforest Blvd.
Suite 360
Gaithersburg, MD 20877
United States

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