Single Workers: benefits, opportunities, equality (2007)


Although there were no differences between singles and those with families in perceived social inclusion, workers with families believed their employers provided more equal work opportunities for singles, more equal access to benefits, more equal respect for nowwork roles, and more equal work expectations than did single workers (Casper, Weltman, & Kwesiga, 2007, p. 495).


Casper, W., Weltman, D., & Kwesiga, E. (2007). Beyond family-friendly: The construct and measurement of singles-friendly work cultures. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 70, 478-501.


An online survey was completed by 543 subjects. Study participants were recruited as part of a class assignment by students at a university in the central United States. Participants had to be employed a minimum of 20 hours per week. Participants were provided a website address where the survey could be found. Group differences (singles versus those with families) in the factor structure of the singles-friendly work culture measure were considered. Of the participants, 292 were single (never married, divorced, or widowed) and 208 were single without children. Only single participants without children were included in the model regression analyses. Of these 208 participants, 92% were never married, 7% were divorced, and 1% were widowed. Participants were an average of 25 years old, and 64% were female. With regard to race, 60% were Caucasian, 14% were Hispanic, 12% were African American, 10% were Asian, and 4% reported their race as “other.” Participants worked an average of 33 hours per week, and 26% had at least a college degree.