"In the United States, for instance, daughters of working moms earned 23 percent more than daughters of stay-at-home mothers. And their sons? There was no effect at all on their employment. However, they were more likely to contribute to work around the house as adults and to spend more time caring for children and family."
"Yet evidence is mounting that having a working mother has some economic, educational and social benefits for children of both sexes. That is not to say that children do not also benefit when their parents spend more time with them -- they do. But we make trade-offs in how we spend our time, and research shows that children of working parents also accrue benefits."
Among women in the United States, postgraduate education and motherhood are increasingly going hand-in-hand. The share of highly educated women who are remaining childless into their mid-40s has fallen significantly over the past two decades.
"It's so tempting to attribute the paucity of women in STEM to pipeline problems or personal choices. But it's time to listen to women scientists: they think the issue is gender bias, and an increasing amount of research supports that view."