"Even in societies and organizations that value gender equality and invest in initiatives to reach it, women are underrepresented in most senior-level leadership positions. They account for less than 5% of Fortune 500 CEOs, less than 15% of executive officers at those companies, less than 20% of full professors in the natural sciences, and only 6% of partners in venture capital firms. Why does the gender imbalance in high-level positions persist?"
Gender stereotypes touch every age group in our society – from young children in the playground being sneered at for "running like a girl," to adolescent boys believing it’s not masculine to display their emotions, to women in the workforce being overlooked for promotions because it’s believed they can’t "lead like a man." The ins
"However, the key finding is what happened when the actors changed from being neutral to disagreeing in a forceful way. The observers loved the female actor as long as she was neutral and agreeable. But, as soon as she disagreed and defended her point of view in a forceful way, she was cast off her pedestal and punished far more than the male actor."
"Think about it. Calling out top executives for making too much money will at most embarrass a few suits. But calling out companies for paying women too little will help millions -- and perhaps crack one of the most intractable problems of our time."
"I have worked with groups around identifying and shifting their frames of reference -- their contexts -- for more than 30 years. Here is the process for doing so: 1) Identify your current frame of reference (a belief you have that forms a conclusion) that isn't working for you such as "Women with small children won't take jobs that require travel"; 2) Consciously choose a new contextual frame of reference (e.g. "Women can be trusted to make job decisions that work for their families")."
Last year, students at the Wharton School started a campus club focused on gender equality. They called it the 22s, after the percentage gap that persists between men's and women's pay. Since its founding, the club has hosted discussions about discrimination, screened a film about gender issues, and conducted surveys that examine attitudes about equality.